Creating homemade soap is a fulfilling and practical craft. This comprehensive guide will cover everything you need to know to make your own soap at home, including the materials and equipment required.

As a highlight, we’ll include a special recipe for a lavender-scented coconut oil soap with pieces of lavender in it.

Introduction to Soap Making

Soap making is an ancient craft that has evolved significantly over the centuries. Today, it combines both art and science, allowing for a wide range of creativity and personalization. Whether you’re interested in making soap for personal use or as a thoughtful handmade gift, the process can be surprisingly simple and enjoyable.

Understanding the Basics

Before diving into soap making, it’s important to understand the basic chemistry behind it. Soap is created through a process called saponification, where fats and oils are mixed with an alkali, typically lye (sodium hydroxide). This reaction produces soap and glycerin.

Safety First

When making soap, safety is paramount. Lye is a caustic substance and must be handled with care. Always wear protective gear, including gloves, goggles, and long sleeves. Work in a well-ventilated area, and be sure to keep lye and freshly made soap away from children and pets.

Materials Needed

  1. Fats and Oils: Different oils offer different properties to the soap. Coconut oil is popular for its lathering and moisturizing properties.
  2. Lye (Sodium Hydroxide): Essential for the saponification process.
  3. Water: Distilled water is preferable to avoid any impurities.
  4. Essential Oils: For fragrance. In this case, lavender essential oil.
  5. Additives: Dried lavender flowers for texture and additional fragrance.

Equipment Required

  1. Safety Gear: Gloves, goggles, and protective clothing.
  2. Weighing Scale: Precision is key in soap making.
  3. Stainless Steel Pot: For mixing and heating.
  4. Thermometer: To monitor the temperature.
  5. Stick Blender: For mixing the soap batter.
  6. Molds: To shape your soap.
  7. Measuring Cups and Spoons: For precise measurements.
  8. Spatulas and Mixing Spoons: Preferably made of silicone or stainless steel.

Lavender Scented Coconut Oil Soap Recipe


  • 500g Coconut Oil
  • 70g Lye (Sodium Hydroxide)
  • 160g Distilled Water
  • 30g Lavender Essential Oil
  • 1/4 Cup Dried Lavender Flowers


  1. Preparation: Lay out all your materials and equipment. Ensure you’re wearing your safety gear.
  2. Mixing Lye Solution: Carefully measure the lye and water separately. Slowly add the lye to the water (never the other way around), stirring constantly. The mixture will heat up and emit fumes; avoid inhaling them.
  3. Melting Coconut Oil: While the lye solution cools, gently heat the coconut oil in your stainless steel pot until it’s completely melted.
  4. Combining Oil and Lye: Once both the lye solution and coconut oil reach a temperature of about 110°F, slowly pour the lye solution into the oil. Stir gently at first, then use the stick blender to mix until it reaches ‘trace’. ‘Trace’ is when the soap mixture is thick enough to leave a mark when dripped on itself.
  5. Adding Fragrance and Flowers: Once trace is achieved, add the lavender essential oil and dried lavender flowers. Mix well.
  6. Pouring into Molds: Carefully pour the soap mixture into your molds. Tap the molds gently to remove any air bubbles.
  7. Curing: Leave the soap in the molds for 24-48 hours until they harden. Once hard, remove from the molds and let them cure for 4-6 weeks. This allows the soap to fully saponify and become milder.
  8. Storage: Store your cured soap in a cool, dry place.

Tips and Tricks

  • Experiment with different oil combinations for varied soap properties.
  • Always test your finished soap for pH to ensure safety.
  • Customize your soap with different essential oils and additives.


Making soap at home is not just a creative outlet, but also a way to control the ingredients that go into your skincare products. With this guide and recipe for lavender-scented coconut oil soap, you’re well on your way to crafting your own beautiful, fragrant, and natural soaps. Enjoy the process and the satisfaction of using or gifting your handmade soaps!